Ollantaytambo (Peru)

Ollantaytambo (Peru)

Near the town of Cuzco (or Cusco), there is a very important archaeological site, and whose name is due to a famous Inca warrior called OLLANTAY and who fell in love with the daughter of the Inca Pachacútec called Cousi Coyllour. All these names are of “Quechua” origin, a language that is currently spoken in the Altiplano or Cordillera de Los Andes and regions that encompass Peru-Bolivia-Paraguay-North of Argentina and other countries in Central and South America.

To get there, you can take a train (approximately two hours tour), or collective (almost the same travel time) from Cusco. Any of these forms of transport are very good and, as they move along their lanes or routes, the rugged landscape becomes more benevolent to our eyes; and we can see lost villages on the side of the routes, some other ruins unexplored by man, herd of llamas, vicunas that are native animals of the area and that their fur is used a lot to make warm clothes like caps with earmuffs (cap ears), pullovers, vests, gloves, etc. that are very warm to withstand very low temperatures (the garment of Vicuña is very sought after).

NOTE: If you plan to continue towards the Machu Picchu Ruins, it would be convenient to find out prices, since the train arrives at the town of Aguas Calientes (point of rise), and is recommended for adults mostly. Another alternative is to continue walking where there are backpackers routes whose delay time to Machu Picchu is 2 to 5 days depends on the chosen one.

Tambos

The main characteristic of Ollantaytambo, are the constructions of the staggered type like some others found in Mexico, Egypt, etc. It also has a Church for religious cults (usually Catholic by the arrival of Jesuits) and other of its Inca beliefs (cult of the Sun: “Inti”; to the Moon: “Mama Quilla”, to the earth: “Pacha Mama”)

It is very remarkable, “its form” of construction between the heights of the mountains, using a lot of the stones of the area that are worked, are joined by a “mortar” made with grass, excrement of large animals, mud and water in the style adobe The draft of the rocks and their “perfect fit” with the other adjoining ones, make these walls or walls very difficult to tear down.

The terraces of staggered crops all at almost the same distance as if they were custom-made; the famous “Tambos” that were kind of huts where they initially stored milk and then food, crops grains, leather and others. The winding road in “ascent or descent” that makes the person ascend or descend without much effort; the provision of water through canals … makes this an engineering work too captivating for that time.

But the most important thing is its history seen from another point.

We said that Ollantay fell in love with the daughter of the Inca Pachacútec. He was “commoner” and she of “the nobility.” That was not well looked at that time and not accepted by the Inca. Ollantay’s love was reciprocated by Cousi Coyllour and they tried to find understanding before the Inca wizards called “Chamanes” (high priests), but those who were to worship and receive orders from their King the Inca Pachacutec, denied him help. Estrella’s mother was an unconditional ally of her daughter, but at that time, women had neither voice nor vote, they just had to obey. Thus, they finally agreed to speak with the Inca Chief. When they declared their love, Cousi Coyllour’s father (meaning Star) sent her banished to the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun, and isolated in a cave; and although the women who lived there had the slogan of educating and serving the King, shortly after realizing that Cousi Coyllour was pregnant, they concealed from the Inca King such an event and helped her daughter to give birth.

Temple of the Virgins of the Sun

Thus, they finally agreed to speak with the Inca Chief. When they declared their love, Cousi Coyllour’s father (meaning Star) sent her banished to the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun, and isolated in a cave; and although the women who lived there had the slogan of educating and serving the King, shortly after realizing that Cousi Coyllour was pregnant, they concealed from the Inca King such an event and helped her daughter to give birth. Meanwhile, the Inca Chief ordered to banish from the entire Inca territory (Inca-Inca lands) to Ollantay.

Estrella gave birth to a girl who was hidden her existence from the Inca. The girl grew up without knowing about her mother’s existence, she only knew that in a cave there lived a weak woman who visited from time to time, chatted with her, combed her hair and encouraged her. While Ollantay who had created his own Palace called Ollantaytambo, organized an army to attack the Inca Empire and strip it of food and others which took advantage of a night of festivities where everyone got drunk to plunder.

But the most important thing is its history seen from another point.We said that Ollantay fell in love with the daughter of the Inca Pachacútec. He was “commoner” and she of “the nobility.” That was not well looked at that time and not accepted by the Inca. Ollantay’s love was reciprocated by Cousi Coyllour and they tried to find understanding before the Inca wizards called “Chamanes” (high priests), but those who were to worship and receive orders from their King the Inca Pachacutec, denied him help.

Estrella’s mother was an unconditional ally of her daughter, but at that time, women had neither voice nor vote, they just had to obey. Thus, they finally agreed to speak with the Inca Chief. When they declared their love, Cousi Coyllour’s father (meaning Star) sent her banished to the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun, and isolated in a cave; and although the women who lived there had the slogan of educating and serving the King, shortly after realizing that Cousi Coyllour was pregnant, they concealed from the Inca King such an event and helped her daughter to give birth. Meanwhile, the Inca Chief ordered to banish from the entire Inca territory (Inca-Inca lands) to Ollantay.

Cheaf of the Inca army

The Inca swore revenge and took advantage of Ollantay’s goodness to send him an emissary who pretended to be banished. Together they got drunk and then the emissary named Rumi Ñahui brought his troops in and took Ollantay prisoner and took him in the presence of the Inca; but oh surprise !!!

He had died and in his replacement was his son Tupac Yupanqui who learned of the malice of his father who had locked up his sister, who had a niece and that Ollantay had been banished. In honor of them, he prepared a banquet and apologized for the injustices suffered and appointed Ollantay as “chief of the Inca army”

Following “this great love” of two people of different ethnicities (one noble and the other commoner), the sufferings of both (she banished and confined in a cave where she weakens and almost dies before meeting her beloved; and he weeping his sorrow in exile and not knowing of the existence of a daughter of that love); A LITERARY THEATER WORK (DRAMA) was created, VERY IMPORTANT AND WHERE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE VALUES ARE SHOWN BUT GREAT LOVE.

Returning to the region, from the ruins you can see on a hill called Pyncuilluna a large face carved between the rocks. This face represents Ollantaytambo or Viracocha or Viracochán, who is a man looking straight ahead, his eyes, mouth and beard are appreciated. It depends on the time and season, added the reflection of the sun on it, his face changes noticeably from “serious, cheerful, sad.”

Besides, it is incredible the carving of the rocks outside of what has already been mentioned as walls, its magnificent temple of the sun, the temple of the ten hornacillas, winding streets, walls to avoid landslides and the river that runs called Urubamba (the area takes the same name of the river)

Ollantaytambo is also the starting point of the Sacred Valley of the Incas with its temples and fortresses.

A wonder worth appreciating.

Gustavo Machado

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